Clostridium tetani and Tetanus
Movement of our voluntary muscles is controlled by our central nervous system. This animation describes the process of infection with Clostridium tetani and how the toxin it releases interrupts nervous control of our muscles, leading to tetanus. This loss of muscle control causes the convulsive muscle spasms typical of tetanus, which are so severe they can cause bone fractures and dislocations. Death often occurs due to respiratory failure or cardiac arrest. With adequate immunisation, tetanus is a completely preventable disease. However in developing nations, without comprehensive vaccination programmes, tetanus remains one of the top ten causes of death. Universal vaccination, including pregnant women, is vital to preventing this terrible affliction.
Design and animation by Dr. Maja Divjak
Thank you to Dr David Donovan, co-founder of New Foundations Medical Mission for footage of the baby with tetanus. For more information on New Foundations, visit www.newfoundations.org.uk
This animation was created for the Gene Technology Access Centre, Melbourne, Australia www.gtac.edu.au